What is a 15-Year Fixed Rate Mortgage?
The number of years over which the loan is to be paid can be a big deciding factor when choosing your mortgage. The most common fixed mortgage terms are 15 and 30 years, though some go up to 40 years and some can be as low as 10 years, depending on the amount of the loan and your monthly payments. Loans over a shorter time period, say 15 years versus 30 years, will entail paying less total interest over the life of the loan, but will also result in a higher monthly payment.
A 15-year mortgage typically has a fixed interest rate, which means you’ll pay the same amount every month, every year (though taxes and insurance costs may change). They’re also usually amortizing loans, which means that you pay the principal and interest in one monthly payment.
The Pros and Cons of a 15-Year Fixed Rate Mortgage
|Pay off your mortgage sooner
|Monthly payments are significnatly higher
|Enjoy lower interest rates
|It's difficult to qualify for more expensive homes
|Spend less money over time
|You have less liquid cash for other uses
Rates and Trends
Like all types of mortgages, rates and terms on 15-year mortgages are impacted by a variety of factors which include:
- Whether the loan is for purchase or a refinance.
- The location of the property.
- The size of your down payment.
- Whether you are eligible for an FHA or VA loan.
- Your credit score and financial picture.
For those seeking a 15-year or any type of mortgage it is vital to stay on top of the situation in the mortgage marketplace as a whole and with the various lenders you may be considering. This page on our site is a great place to start. You can check the latest rates by type, and look at some of the most popular lenders to stay on top of what they have to offer.
Is a 15-Year Mortgage Right For You?
A 15-year mortgage is good if you:
- Can afford higher monthly payments
- Can consistently pay on time
- Want to own your home faster
- Have money left to spend on daily necessities and saving after making payments
Unlike 15-year fixed-rate mortgages, standard 30-year mortgages are better for people looking for lower monthly payments—but they come with a higher interest rate. If you have the income to afford a higher monthly payment that will come with a 15-year mortgage, you’ll build equity more quickly and pay less over the life of your loan for a home of equal value as compared with a 30-year mortgage.
If you apply for a 15-year mortgage, the application process is fairly easy.
- Fill out your personal information online (name, date of birth, location of house, cost of house, credit score) and the size of your down payment. In most situations, you can pre-qualify in a matter of minutes.
- Once you pre-qualify and are shown various loan options, you can then choose the loan that suits you.
- Then you’ll need to provide more detailed information in order to actually qualify for the loan, such as:
- Proof of income, such as pay stubs
- Tax documentation
- Disclosure of debts, assets, and other paperwork proving your financial standing
- Copies of your most recent credit card statements
While many lenders allow you to upload the paperwork online, you can also reach out to a customer service representative for whichever company you choose. Because taking out a mortgage is a big decision, it can be reassuring to speak to a knowledgeable rep and get advice that might not be included on the website.
A 15-year mortgage is a good option for anyone who can afford higher monthly payments and who is eager to pay off their loan more quickly. A 15-year mortgage typically carries a lower interest rate than a 30-year mortgage, which can save borrowers money in the long term. However, before jumping into anything, it’s important to review your finances and make sure that you will indeed be able to make the higher monthly payments consistently for the next 15 years. Compare lenders and read up about their features to get the terms that are right for you.